Pain Management Techniques of Invasive & Non-invasive Therapies

If you feel that you have tried everything and the nagging pain persists, consult your physician for the other exclusive available options to manage chronic pain. The doctor will examine, identify the source of the pain, and draw a treatment plan exclusively for you. In case you have tried all the medications and non-invasive methods to resolve your pain, reach out to an interventional pain management centre to seek the best solutions.

An Overview of Non-interventional & Interventional Pain Management

Non-interventional Pain Management

Non-interventional pain management, also known as the non-invasive method, includes everything without an injection or surgery. Any premium interventional pain management centre will try to exhaust the non-invasive methods before indulging in interventional techniques. Oral pain relievers are the most common medicine prescribed by best pain management doctors as a first step to relieving pain caused by muscle strain or swelling. Ibuprofen and NSAIDs reduce swelling, whereas prescription medications and muscle relaxants work differently. Apart from medications, other non-interventional treatments are called physical therapies, which include exercises to strengthen the muscles and reduce the reoccurrence of pain.

Also Read: Physical Therapy Treats Chronic Pain- How?

Interventional Pain Management

As its name suggests, interventional pain management is invasive, including procedures like surgeries and injections. Unlike non-interventional methods, these techniques may pose slight risks but effectively reduce chronic pain symptoms. When you reach out to any interventional pain management centre in big cities like Chennai, they suggest nerve block or facet joint injections, which alter the pain signals to treat the symptoms. These are local anesthetics, either with or without analgesics. In most cases, pain-relieving injections are an adjunct to physical therapies. When the local anesthetics ease the pain, the body can exercise effectively and improve the overall health condition. However, any doctor will initially try resolving the pain with non-invasive procedures. If it doesn't work, they will suggest surgical repair, and mostly the interventional treatments are utilized only when the situation is causing serious trouble for the patient.

Non-interventional Pain Management Techniques Adopted by a Reliable Interventional Pain Management centre

There is continuous research to determine the best pain management therapy with effective results to treat chronic pain. The non-interventional methods are the first line of treatment and are preferred by any physician in big cities like Chennai, Bangalore, and Hyderabad, as they believe that interventional methods must be the last resort to treat any chronic condition. The major type of non-interventional techniques is discussed below.

Non-interventional, Non-drug Pain Management

These pain management techniques use physical therapies without medications and cannot be found in an interventional pain management centre. It is a widely accepted pain management programme because it does not include drugs that only offer temporary relief to the health condition.

  1. Exercise aims to increase the body's flexibility and strength of the muscles with physical exertion and is the best non-invasive technique. These methods restore the normal motion of the body with stretching exercises, aerobic routines, and water therapy. Furthermore, regular exercises are essential to improve cardiovascular and musculoskeletal health.
  2. Manual techniques are procedures that apply force to the affected areas of muscles, ligaments, and joints to manipulate and resolve pain.
  3. Behavioral modifications optimize a patient's response to pain stimuli. Examples of behavioral modifications are cognitive therapy, relaxation techniques, and the biofeedback method.
  4. Electrotherapy is commonly referred to as TENS or transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation. They reduce pain by applying low-voltage electric stimulation, which interacts with the sensory nervous system. Studies prove that TENS has positive results for treating backaches.
  5. Ultrasound, diathermy, and hot and cold packs are used with physical therapies to manage pain effectively.

Non-interventional Pharmacologic Pain Management

These pain management techniques are pharmacologic and use pain-relieving medications. Drugs are widely used from the onset of acute pain to treat and alleviate the pain. Sometimes medications are used even after a failed surgery. However, the disadvantage of medication are the potential side effects and are thus prescribed with the utmost care by any non-interventional or interventional pain management centre. The common non-interventional pharmacologic treatments used in multi-specialty clinics of Chennai are:

  1. Analgesics- All pain medications, including acetaminophen, fall under this category. When analgesics are used long-term, they will damage the kidney and liver.
  2. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents- Aspirin, naproxen, COX-2 inhibitors, and ibuprofen are NSAIDs. When used for a prolonged period, it poses a risk to the heart's health and is seen to cause gastrointestinal ulcers.
  3. Muscle relaxants- These are used to treat muscle spasms caused by the body's protective mechanism or pain.
  4. Narcotic medications- Medication provided to manage post-operative pain belongs here. When narcotics are not properly administered, they entail a risk of addiction and habituation. Thus, it is not prescribed for all chronic conditions.
  5. Antidepressants and anticonvulsants- These are used to cure neuropathic pain.
  6. Neuromodulating medications- Muscular and neuropathic pain are treated with neuromodulating medications.

Interventional Pain Management Techniques Employed by a Proficient Interventional Pain Management centre

Invasive methods to manage pain are adopted by any interventional pain management centre in Chennai, Mumbai, and Delhi. They involve placing devices into the body and injections to relieve and manage pain. Invasive pain management therapies are efficient for back and neck pain. The most popular interventional pain management techniques are discussed below.

Injections or Blocks

Injections directly deliver the anesthetic medication or steroids into muscles, joints, and ligaments. A leading interventional pain management centre will relieve pain effectively with these techniques, but they are only a temporary cure. Epidural injections are an example of an interventional pain management technique that provides immediate temporary relief for pinched nerve conditions in the spine.

Prolotherapy

Prolotherapy is injecting a solution that can stimulate blood to circulate and repair the ligaments in the affected area. Though an interventional pain management centre uses this method for many patients, its effectiveness is still unknown.

Radiofrequency Radioablation

An interventional pain management centre uses this procedure with the help of heat administered with a tiny needle to deaden painful nerves. The technique is successful in 60% of the patients and lasts for a few months to years.

Surgical Implants

Implanting spinal cord or peripheral nerve stimulators helps manage arm and leg pain. This procedure is widely available in any interventional pain management centre in Chennai, but it is an expensive treatment.

Closure
Though interventional and non-interventional techniques follow different approaches, the efficiency of any treatment depends on the patient and their health condition. JOGO's clinic is the best for digital therapeutics solution with both interventional and non-interventional methods to manage pain at an affordable price.

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